Paracord is one of my favorite pieces of survival gear and I always carry some in my 72 Hour Bag, and it is always with me when I go camping or trekking. The reason that I love paracord so much is that it is a multi-tool: there are literally hundreds of different uses for it. But before you go and buy just any old cord to put in your survival bag, you’ve got to make sure you understand what paracord is and that you are getting the right kind. After all, this is what you will be relying on in a survival situation!
What is Paracord?
By definition, rope is simply any long, thick cord which is made by twisting or braiding together strands of fibers. Rope can be made out of numerous different materials, with the most popular ones being hemp, sisal, and nylon. Obviously, the construction of the rope and its material are going to make a big difference to its quality and how it can be used.
Compared to other types of rope, paracord has two unique features which make it so great for survival:
- Made from nylon
- Kernmantle-style braid
Nylon as a Material
Real paracord is always going to be made from nylon, and not some other material like polypropylene or polyester. Nylon is waterproof and mildew-proof. It is elastic, which allows it to have some give so it doesn’t snap. It also gives paracord its smooth texture so the paracord is easier on your hands.
All ropes are made by either twisting together the fiber strands, or braiding them together. In general, braided ropes are much stronger and resist abrasion better. There are numerous ways to braid a rope together. Paracord is made with a technique known as Kernmantle.
Kernmantle ropes have an interior core (the kern) and a braided sheath around them. The kern is what provides the strength for the rope, and the sheath protects it from abrasion. Paracord isn’t the only type of kernmantle rope. For example, modern climbing rope is also made with the kernmantle-style construction.
*Note that type IA and IIA paracord don’t have a kern.
Types of Paracord
Until 1997, the US military issued paracord using a technical standard. This standard described 6 types of paracord. However, in survivalist and outdoor circles, only type III (550 paracord) is considered “real paracord.”
What does all of this mean?
The minimum strength is the breaking point of the cord.
Minimum elongation is the stretch of the rope during a fall test. This is important because the stretchiness of the rope will help absorb some of the shock of a fall. The maximum allowed elongation is 40%.
Minimum length per pound is the weight of the paracord.
The number of core yarns is important because these are what give paracord its strength. Each yarn is made up of 2 or 3 twisted nylon ropes.
Sheath structure refers to how many strands are used in making up the sheath. The greater the number, the stronger and more flexible the paracord will be.
Why 550 Paracord?
Though survivalists will tell you that 550 paracord is the only “real” paracord, any of these types are technically paracord. For basic uses around the house, you might be completely fine with type I or type II paracord. However, for survival and outdoor uses, you will want to make sure you have type III 550 paracord.
With a breaking point at 550 pounds, type III paracord will hold up under most circumstances. You can even use it to tow a stationary car (such as one stuck in the mud).
Only in rare situations can I imagine someone needing 750 paracord. While it might be nice to have the stronger paracord, 750 cord is heavier and thicker. When every ounce matters in your hiking backpack, then you will want to go with 550 paracord.
Beware of Fake Paracord
Just because something looks like paracord or is called paracord, it doesn’t mean that it is real paracord. Real paracord will be advertised as “Mil-Spec” and should be tested for its strength and other properties. Make sure that it says it is 550 paracord or Type III paracord, as this is the best for most survival and outdoor situations.
While other types of cord or types of paracord might be fine for certain everyday uses, you don’t want to trust your survival with anything but real paracord. Go ahead and buy a paracord bracelet for each member of your family. They are really cheap, you can easily wear it wherever you go, and have the peace of mind which comes with having it on you at all times.
They say we only need duct tape and WD-40 to solve all problems. But let’s add paracord to these! The stuff is amazingly versatile and can be used in many situations. Paracord was even used by astronauts to repair the Hubble Space Telescope during the 82nd Space Shuttle mission!
Here are just some of the most common uses for paracord in survival and outdoor situations.
- Make an emergency shelter
- Hang a Bear Bag
- Replace a broken shoelace
- Create a clothesline
- Secure a boat off of a tree
- Secure a tent
- Make a tourniquet
- Bottle carrier
- Flashlight handle
- Make a fishing net or fish trap
- Secure a splint in place
- To haul timber
- Tie things to the outside of your backpack
- Makeshift belt
- Create a tripwire
- Tie someone up
- Leash for pets
Uses for the Inner Threads:
You can take apart paracord and use the inner threads too! Here are some ways to use them.
- Fishing line
- Sewing thread
- Dental floss