Last month, our water was off for 12 hours. Luckily, we have plenty of water stockpiled. Since it wasn’t a major disaster, we were able to use our water reserves for flushing the toilet. But, in a real emergency, you aren’t going to want to waste an entire gallon of your precious water just for flushing. And, in survival situations where you’ve got to hunker down in your safe room (such as after a nuclear attack), going into the bathroom might not even be an option. This is why you’ve got to make a plan for your emergency toilet. Otherwise, there will be a whole ‘nother definition to SHTF!
Emergency Toilet Options:
- Camping Toilets
- Compost Toilets
- Twin Bucket Toilets
Pros: These are inexpensive, simple solutions for short-term disasters.
Cons: They fill up quickly and are unsuitable for long-term disasters. You will need to have somewhere to put all of that waste. Even if it is bagged, it can still be smelly and messy!
Pros: This is a great off-grid toilet and sanitation option. It is very sanitary, has no smell, and would be good for a long-term solution. Read about how compost toilets work here.
Cons: Compost toilets are expensive to buy. You can build one yourself, but it would require extensive construction and supplies. They also need venting or should be in an outdoor location – which wouldn’t be suitable if you need to hide out in your home.
Twin Bucket Toilets
Pros: This system is very easy to make, is suitable for long-term disasters, and can be placed virtually anywhere.
Cons: You eventually will have to dispose of waste, and you will need to stockpile some sort of carbon material for the fecal matter.
Why the Twin Bucket System is the Best
If you have a Bug Out location such as a cabin in the wilderness, then I’d definitely go with a compost toilet. But, for most emergency situations, the Twin Bucket Toilet system is the best. This is the system that the official websites of many states and localities recommend.
The Logic of Separating Pee and Poo
When talking about human waste, it is poo that contains harmful pathogens. Pee is generally very sterile. You can simply dump pee out in your yard to dispose of it. The pee will even act as a fertilizer! You cannot do this with poo because it could quickly cause the spread of disease.
Also consider that a day’s worth of pee has 10x the volume of poo. When you keep the two separate, it becomes much easier to dispose of each.
How to Build a Two Bucket Toilet System
You Will Need:
- Two 5-gallon buckets with tight-fitting lids
- Lots of plastic/vinyl bags (ideally thick bags; you don’t want to use plastic grocery bags for containing your poo!)
- Twist ties
- Carbon material (such as shredded paper, sawdust, or even kitty litter)
- Toilet paper
- Antibacterial hand sanitizer
- Toilet seats (optional)
- Plastic gloves
- Label one bucket “pee” and the other “poo”
- Put the buckets in a private place where toilet paper and the carbon material are located.
- Line the poo bucket with a plastic bag. The pee bucket does not need to be lined.
- Put toilet seats on top of the buckets, if you wish.
Using the Pee Bucket
- Remove the lid and attach toilet seat, if necessary
- Do your business. DO NOT PUT TOILET PAPER IN THE PEE BUCKET! It should go in the poo bucket or a trash can.
- Remove the toilet seat and recover the bucket with the lid.
- When the pee bucket is full, dump the urine over the ground or down the drain (if sewage system is still working)
Using the Poo Bucket
- Remove the lid and attach the toilet seat, if necessary
- Do your business. Try not to pee into the poo bucket.
- Sprinkle about ½ to 1 cup of the carbon material over the poo.
- Depending on how long the disaster is likely to last and how many plastic bags you have, you can use twist ties to close the plastic bag after each use and reline the bucket, or you can simply re-cover the poo bucket and tie off the bag when it gets full.
- Put the poo bags in a secure place (such as a large trash can as far away from your living area as possible) until you can dispose of the waste.
Disposing of Poo
You cannot put human waste in with the regular trash! After the disaster is over, call your city’s health and sanitation department for instructions on where to bring your waste for proper disposal.
Alternatively, you can bury your waste. You will need to dig a hole at least 3 feet deep. The hole should be downhill from any water supply like wells. It should also be ideally 50 feet away from living spaces. The problem with this method is that your poo will be in plastic bags, so it will not be exposed to elements and decompose. But the idea of dumping the poo out of those plastic bags is really gross… One alternative option is to line your poo bucket with newspaper and wrap the poo up with newspaper instead of plastic. But this isn’t as sanitary, especially since some pee will inevitably get into the poo bucket.
Female hygiene products should also go into the poo bucket. Since these items are going to run out quickly in an emergency situation, I’d recommend switching to a menstrual cup. My wife uses one and loves it.
Diapers should go in their own bucket. Otherwise the poo bucket will fill up too quickly. I hope you have enough diapers stockpiled! Otherwise, you can use reusable cloth diapers (which will also save you tons of money) with plastic covers. The problem with this is that you’d have to wash them, and you might not have enough water depending on the survival situation. So be prepared with a stockpile of diapers at home and some cloth diapers in your family Bug Out Bag.
Can you imagine yourself using a bucket toilet? Let us know in the comments or join the discussion on Facebook!