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3 Ways to Navigate in the Wilderness without a Compass

3 Ways to Navigate in the Wilderness without a Compass post image

There have been dozens of movies and TV shows where the protagonists get themselves lost in the wilderness.  No worries!  We will just use this moss growing on trees to tell us which way to go!

Most of the things that you’ve heard about how to navigate in the woods without a compass are probably false – starting with the moss trick.

By the way, can you even identify moss?  Because moss can look a lot like lichen!

When Would You Ever Really Need to Know This?

I’ll be honest that there are actually really few situations where knowing how to navigate without a compass would be helpful.

Let’s say you are out in the woods and have a map but aren’t sure how to orient it.

Why the hell did you remember to bring a map but forgot your compass???  Okay, maybe it broke or got lost… but your map somehow managed to survive.  Then you’d need to know how to find north to navigate.

Or maybe you are completely lost in the woods!  Well, even in this situation you wouldn’t really need to know where north is.  When lost in the woods and trying to make your way back to civilization, it is best to either

1) Go downhill.  There is more likely to be towns at the bottom of the mountain than above.  And the conditions for survival are better downhill than at the top of a mountain.  Note: There have been many cases of kids getting lost in the woods and going up mountains to “get a better view.”  With less water, shelter, and colder temperatures there, this is a deadly mistake.

2) Follow a stream or river.  This is likely to take you to civilization.  And much more than blindly heading north would!

However, that doesn’t mean survivalists shouldn’t know how to find north.  When lost in the wilderness, we have a tendency to walk in circles when lost.  This has actually been scientifically proven to occur!  Again, hopefully you’ve been smart enough to bring a compass and follow it so you walk straight instead of in circles.  But, in the absence of a compass, using these wilderness navigation tricks would help.

1.  Navigating with Your Wrist Watch and the Sun

find north with wrist watch

This is a really cool trick for navigating without a compass which actually works.  Of course, you have to be wearing a wrist watch for it to work, and it also has to be a sunny day.

In the Northern Hemisphere:

Hold your watch flat and point the hour hand of the watch towards the sun. Make a line between the hour hand and the 12 o’clock mark.  This will give you a North-South line.  North is the direction away from the sun.

At 12 o’clock, you won’t be able to make a line between the hands.  This is okay.  Just use the 12 mark as your line.

In the Southern Hemisphere:

Hold your watch flat and point the 12 o’clock mark towards the sun.  Make a line between the 12 mark and the hour hand.  This will be your North-South line.  North is the direction away from the sun.

*This also works with a digital watch, but you just have to imagine where the watch hands would be!

2. Using the Shadow and Stick Method

In the Northern Hemisphere:

Find yourself a long, straight, and thin stick. Put it vertically in the ground in a flat place.  You don’t want hilly ground because it will distort the shadow.

Note where the end of the shadow is. Place a marker on it (like a rock).  This is your Western side.

Now wait about 20-30 minutes.  Then put a marker at the edge of the new shadow.  This will be your Eastern Side.

Draw a line between the two markers.  The first marker is West and the second marker is East.

Now that you’ve got West and East, you can bisect the line to find your North-South line.

The obvious downside of this method is that it takes a lot of time.  And it isn’t going to prevent you from walking in circles as you go.  So, you’ll have to constantly stop and make a new shadow compass to check whether you are going in the right direction!

3. Using the Stars at Night

In the Northern Hemisphere:

This one should be pretty obvious.  Just look for the North Star, aka Polaris.  If you aren’t sure which one is Polaris, just look for the Big Dipper.

Imagine a line between the last two stars at the end of the dipper.  Extend this line about 5x the distance between those two stars and you’ll be at Polaris.

In the Southern Hemisphere:

navigate with southern cross

Find the Southern Cross and this will be the way south.  As a northerner, I wasn’t too familiar with the Southern Cross until I started traveling.

The Southern Cross actually looks more like a kite shape when you connect the stars with an imaginary line.  There are always two “pointer stars” nearby.

It is a bit trickier to navigate with the Southern Cross.  You’ve got to draw and imaginary line from the Cross and another line perpendicular between the Pointer stars.  Extend these lines out. Below where they intersect is South.

Putting These Navigational Tricks to Use

As I mentioned before, people have a proven tendency to walk in circles.  So, you will need to constantly stop and check which direction is north to make sure you are moving in a straight line.  This isn’t very conducive to travel in survival situations!

Alternatively, you can use some this navigational trick to make sure you stay on course.

  1. Note a landmark at your current position.
  2. Draw a line on the ground pointing to North (or whatever direction you want to travel in).
  3. Use the line you just drew to identify a landmark in that direction. The landmark should be easily visible in your sight range.
  4. Walk to the landmark.
  5. When you get to the landmark, draw a line on the ground that points towards your previous position.
  6. Use the new line to find a new landmark ahead.
  7. Continue doing this so you keep on course!

Have you ever been lost in the wilderness?  How did you find your way? Let us know in the comments or join the discussion in our Facebook group.