If you are going to spend any time in the wilderness, you will need a way to protect your food from animals. This is especially true in bear country, since bears have been known to enter tents and ravage campsites to get to food.
Why Use a Bear Canister?
Traditionally, backpackers would hang food in a bear bag to keep it safe. But even this doesn’t always work.
Bears are getting smarter, they can easily figure out to “chew through this rope” to make the food bag drop to the ground.
Even if the bear can’t get to the food bag (such as when it’s hung properly with the PCT method), the bear can still smell the food. It’s never happened to me personally, but I’ve heard about campers being kept up all night while they listen to bears trying to get at their food.
Bear canisters are not only indestructible, but also smell-proof. So a bear won’t even know that there is food nearby and be attracted to your campsite.
Bear Canisters As Survival Cache Containers
Another use for bear canisters are as survival caches. A survival cache is a hidden stockpile of survival supplies. It is meant to be used in addition to a Bug Out Bag, such as if your BOB gets stolen or lost.
You can read more about survival caches here.
How to Choose a Bear Canister
First you will want to consider the size of your bear canister. Usually they are measured in cubic inches or liters.
I’d recommend gathering all the supplies you will be putting in the bear canister (including food, toothpaste, and anything else that could attract animals). See how much space they take up. Then choose a bear canister which can fit this.
If you are using your bear canister as a survival cache, then weight isn’t so important. For backpackers though, weight is a huge issue.
Unfortunately, most bear canisters weigh around 2lbs (which is heavy for serious backpacking). The lighter the bear canister, the more it will cost.
3. Meets Regulations
Many national parks now require campers and backpackers to put their food in a bear canister. They might even check your canister to make sure it meets regulations. If you don’t have an approved canister, you will likely get a ticket.
Places like the Pacific Crest Trail will even have lists of “allowed” bear canisters.
The main committee which checks bear canisters is the IGBC (Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee). They test them to ensure they are smell-proof and can’t be opened/smashed by a bear.
*Just because a bear canister meets IGBC regulations, it doesn’t mean it will be approved by the park you want to visit.
Always check the park guidelines before going!
Top Bear Canisters
***All of the bear canisters listed here will meet IGBC requirements.***
|440||8.7×8.3”||2lb 1 oz|
Garcia Backpacker Cache
Lighter1 Big Daddy
BearVault BV450 and BV500
BearVault is the best-known brand of bear canisters amongst backpackers. They have some useful features, like being wide mouthed so you can easily get your gear/food inside.
I also like that it is clear so you can see what is inside.
The main benefit of BearVault canisters is that they are very lightweight. They are available in different sizes, so you can pick the one which works best for you.
The only bad thing about BearVault canisters is that there are these little tabs you have to push in to open it. It can be difficult to do so – especially in cold weather or when the canister is wet.
- Wide mouthed
- Multiple sizes available
- Lifetime warranty
- Hard to open, especially in cold weather
Garcia Machine Backpackers’ Cache
If you need a larger bear canister and weight isn’t such an issue, then this is the best option. It is an inch or two bigger than the other bear canisters – which is just enough to allow it to be used as a camp chair.
Be warned that the bear canister is NOT waterproof. It comes with a plastic bag inside the container for keeping things dry.
Another annoying thing is that you need to unscrew the canister to open it. You’ll need a coin or a flathead screwdriver (multitool, maybe?) to open it.
- Can use as a chair
- Very large
- Need a flathead to open the canister
- Not waterproof
Lighter 1 Big Daddy Bear Canister
As the name implies, Lighter 1 is a lightweight bear canister. It can hold 650 cubic inches of items but only weighs 2lbs 4oz. For thru-hikers, those extra few ounces really matter.
A really cool feature of this canister is that the lid is also a cooking pot. The pot has a lid and handle too. This will help you cut back on weight even more.
It is transparent so you can see what is inside the canister. The lid is fairly easy to open.
The only main drawback is that the canister isn’t wide mouthed, so it can be hard to get some items inside.
The Lighter1 will also cost more than other canisters, but nothing comes close to its weight/size ratio.
- Very lightweight
- Large size
- Easy to open
- Top doubles as cooking pot
- Not wide-mouthed
- Pricier option
- Be careful not to lose tiny screws that hold lid onto canister
Frontiersman Insider Bear Canister
The Frontiersman Insider bear canister is the heaviest reviewed here, but it is also the largest.
The main benefit of this bear canister is that it has a nice tapered shape. You’ll be able to pack it a lot easier in your backpack then wide-type canisters.
Just be warned that this bear canister is HUGE. It barely fits a 60 liter backpack.
This is probably only suitable for car camping or when you are backpacking with a larger group. You can easily get 5+ days worth of food in it.
- Easy to pack in your backpack
- Very large
- Orange color makes it easy to find in forest
- Screws on/off easily
- Probably need an 60+ liter backpack to fit it
- Need a flathead or coin to open it
Do you use a bear canister? Which one?
Diane Vukovic spent her childhood roaming the woods of upstate NY, making brush shelters, backpacking and orienteering.
Now she is the proud mother of two adventurous girls whom she takes wild camping and teaches survival skills and self-defense. Learn more about Diane here.