The 19 Different Types of Bandages and Dressings


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Last Updated: August 30, 2021

There are three main types of first aid bandages:

  • Dressings
  • Wound bandages
  • Bandages for soft tissue and bone injuries

These can be further divided into 19 different types based on their shape, material, and special properties.

You probably don’t need all 19 types of dressings and bandages in your home first aid kit. However, it’s still smart to know the basic types so you can customize your first aid kit and be more prepared.

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Dressings

Dressings technically aren’t a type of bandage. In wound first aid, they are applied directly to the wound to stop bleeding, absorb blood, protect the wound and promote healing.

Bandages are applied over a dressing to hold it in place. However, especially with compound dressing-bandages, the terms are often used interchangeably.

Most dressings are categorized by what they are made of.

1. Gauze and Cloth Dressings

Also called: Sterile non-adhesive pads, non-woven dressing, sterile bandages, sterile gauze.

These are the most common type of dressing.  They typically come as pads, rolls, or sponges.  The weave and material help prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound.

Some gauze and cloth dressings, such as QuikClot, have antibacterial or hemostatic agents applied to them.

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2. Foam Dressings


Foam dressings provide good wound padding and provide an environment that speeds up skin cell formation.  They also help keep the wound moist, making them ideal for wet wounds from burns, ulcers, scrapes, deep trauma, and infected wounds.

Foam dressings are commonly impregnated with silver to speed up wound healing.

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3. Hydrogel  Dressings


Hydrogel dressings are primarily made of water in a gel base.  The gel often comes impregnated on a sheet or pad, but it is also available as a gel. The gel helps pad the wound and keep it moist.

They are often used on painful wounds to maximize comfort and wounds with necrotic or dead tissue.

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4. Transparent Film Dressings

These dressings are made of a thin, flexible film applied directly over the wound like a second skin.  Their transparency makes it easy to monitor wounds.  Transparent film dressings are only to be used on wounds without exudate.

They are often used on second-degree burns or wounds on fragile skin.

Read: How to Treat a Burn

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5. Hydrocolloid Dressings

Hydrocolloid dressings are used for wet wounds, especially those at risk of infection but not yet infected.  They are made out of polymers which turn into a gel when they absorb moisture.

They aren’t breathable but do a better job of keeping the wound clean. This helps keep wounds moist and speed up healing. Hydrocolloid dressings last longer than traditional dressings and can be left in place for 7 days.

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6. Alginate Dressings

Alginate dressings are highly absorbent and form a gel as they absorb moisture.  They are used to fill wound cavities and in wounds with lots of exudate.  Alginate dressings should be covered with a secondary dressing to keep the wound clean.

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7. Silicone Dressings

Silicone dressings come in sheets, as gels, on tapes, and on foam.  They will only stick to dry skin and not moist skin, making it easier to change the dressing without pulling on the healing tissue.  The silicone also allows exudate to escape and provides cushioning.  They are mostly used on patients with thin, sensitive skin.

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Wound Bandages

Wound bandages are typically used to hold a dressing in place.  They are often categorized by their shape (tube, triangle, roller, pad, strips) or their material (gauze, cotton, woven, non-woven, liquid).

8. Adhesive Bandages

Also called: Band-Aids

These are what most people associate with bandages.  They consist of two parts: a dressing pad and an adhesive backing.  Adhesive bandages are good for minor wounds on parts of the body that don’t move much.

The sticky backing can pull on the wound when the bandage is removed, so they aren’t recommended for more serious injuries.

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9. Gauze Bandages

Gauze bandages come in various sizes, thicknesses, weaves, and materials.  They are used to hold sterile dressings in place.  Because they are not meant to come in direct contact with the wound, gauze bandages do not need to be sterile.

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10. Tube bandage

Tube bandages are woven to make a continuous circle.  The shape makes them ideal for holding dressings on arms and legs and for stopping bleeding.  Because they apply light pressure, tube bandages can also be used to treat sprains.

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11. Moleskin Bandages

Moleskin bandages are made of a thick, fluffy material and usually have an adhesive on one side.  They are applied directly over blisters, corns, and calluses to reduce friction and provide cushioning.  Most moleskin bandages are made from thick cotton.

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12. Liquid Bandages

Liquid bandages are sprayed or painted onto wounds.  They act like glue and hold the edges of the wound together.  This makes liquid bandages suitable for long and thin wounds, like minor knife wounds.  They are not recommended for large, deep wounds.

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13. Suture Bandages

Also called: Butterfly bandage, zip stitch, Steri-Strips

Suture bandages are long, thin strips designed to hold skin together.  They are used as an alternative to sutures, especially for long, thin wounds like from knives.  Butterfly bandages are the simplest type of suture bandage.  Newer, more advanced types of suture bandages use zippers or pulls.

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14. Triangle Bandage


A triangle bandage is a multi-purpose bandage.  Its large size and shape make it useful for applying pressure to bleeding wounds, wrapping sprains, splinting broken bones, and securing dressings in place.

It is often included in field kits because it has many survival uses, such as filtering water.

Read:

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15. Emergency Bandages

Also called: Trauma bandages, Israeli bandage, military bandage, compression bandage.

Emergency bandages are designed to quickly treat severe trauma and bleeding.   Typically they consist of multiple parts: a dressing, a pressure application bar, and a closure mechanism.  The dressing may contain a hemostatic agent. The most well-known emergency bandage is the one designed by the Israeli military.

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Soft Tissue and Bone Bandages

These bandages are used to treat injuries to muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones. They usually come in very long rolls, which are wrapped around the affected body part.

16. Elastic Bandage

Also called: Ace bandage, tensor bandage, compression bandage,

An elastic bandage is made of stretchy cloth.  It is wrapped around sprained limbs to limit movement and provide support.

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17. Kinesiology Tape

Kinesiology (KT) tape is an adhesive tape that is designed to mimic the skin’s elasticity.  It is applied to muscles or ligaments to provide light support.  It is used to treat injuries, reduce pain and retrain muscles.  KT tape generally isn’t recommended for sprains as it does not immobilize as an elastic bandage will.

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18. Cohesive Bandage

Cohesive bandages are made from a material that sticks to itself but won’t stick to skin or hair.  Because they provide strong compression, cohesive bandages are mostly used to stabilize joints. Many athletes wear them to prevent injuries.  It is also commonly used by vets.

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19. Plaster of Paris Bandage


These bandages contain plaster of Paris on them.  You wet the bandage and mold it around a fracture injury to form a hard cast and completely restrict movement.

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