A “Survival Backpack” is different than a Bug Out Bag. Where a Bug Out Bag is meant to keep you alive for about 2-5 days while you flee to safety, a survival backpack will contain everything you need to survive for an indefinite amount of time until civilization can get on its feet again.
The Best Survival Backpacks Are
- Durable: They must hold up against whatever conditions nature throws at them.
- Suited for Your Body Size: You need to be able to comfortably hold gear while tromping through the wilderness. Packs too large or wide will get snagged on branches or upset your center of gravity.
- Have Adequate Storage: It is a good idea to make a survival backpack checklist before buying a pack. Then you can see how much space you need.
Learn about the different types of backpack here.
Best Survival Backpacks Reviewed
5.11 Tactical RUSH72 Backpack
Type: Tactical | Capacity: 47l | Material: 1050 denier nylon
Waterproof: No; nylon is water-resistant | Attachments: MOLLE
The Rush72 has an amazing design with many pockets, compartments, and zippers. The stitching is tough, and the pack can withstand the toughest survival conditions. No wonder the pack has a 5-star rating on Amazon!
The only real downsides of the Rush72 survival backpack are the same ones you’d expect of any quality pack. Its high denier means the pack is quite heavy when empty. It also doesn’t have an internal frame, so it will not be so comfortable if you load it up with more than 30lbs of weight.
- Incredible design
- Lots of space and pockets
- Comfortable straps
- 2.6lbs when empty
Best For: Survivalists who want the best tactical survival pack
Osprey Stratos Backpack
Type: Hiking | Capacity: 34-36l | Material: 210 denier ripstop nylon and 420hd nylon pack cloth
Waterproof: No; comes with integrated rain cover | Attachments: Ice axe attachment, straps
If you have decided on a hiking-style pack for your survival backpack, the Osprey Stratos is one of the best picks. I like that it is more discreet than other hiking packs (which tend to come in bright colors and have reflective tape all over them).
As far as comfort goes, the Stratos has an internal frame and compression packs that allow you to keep heavy loads close to your body. Osprey is one of the best-known brands in hiking backpacks, so you can expect a quality product.
- Multiple size options
- Internal frame
- Load stabilization straps
- Sleeping bag compartment
- No external tie-downs
Best For: People with back problems or who will be carrying heavier loads.
Condor 3-Day Assault Pack
Type: Tactical | Capacity: 50l | Material: 1000 denier nylon
Waterproof: No | Attachments: MOLLE and D-rings
The Condor, 3-Day Assault Pack, is one of the most popular survival backpacks. The 1000 denier nylon is much more durable than the 200-500d nylon used on most other tactical backpacks.
For its durability, the Condor is surprisingly lightweight. The empty pack weighs about 2lbs, compared to 5+ lbs of other packs. Those extra pounds make a big difference when packing for survival!
Note that this survival backpack isn’t waterproof. You’ll want to get a cover for it or store all your gear in waterproof bags.
- Large capacity
- Heavy-duty construction
- Seven pockets for organizing gear
- Hydration pack compatible
- Designed for comfort
- Not discreet
- May be too long for short backs
- Zippers start to fail under weighty loads
- Not waterproof
Best For: People who want an affordable tactical backpack
Skog A Kust BackSak
Type: Dry Bag | Capacity: 35l | Material: 500D PVC with welded seams
Waterproof: Yes; can be submerged underwater briefly | Attachments: D-rings
Here’s the survival backpack you want if you will have to go through severe weather conditions. The 500 denier PVC with welded seams is entirely waterproof. You could even put it completely underwater briefly and still keep your gear dry. Oh, and it floats!
Compared to other dry bag packs, the BackSak is much more comfortable and has more pockets for organization. I just wish it didn’t have reflective trim, in case you don’t want visibility in times of chaos.
- Large size for dry pack
- Reflective trim
- Exterior pockets not entirely waterproof
Best For: People who will likely experience heavy rains, mud, snow, or flooding
What To Put In Your Survival Backpack
It isn’t going to clean water of radioactive materials, but it will completely filter bacteria from water in rivers, creeks, and even puddles, so it is safe to drink.
Read more about how to purify water here.
Tent and Sleeping Bag
If your survival skills are in order, you won’t need these because you will be able to quickly make a shelter out of debris and stay warm by wrapping leaves or dirt around you.
But you’ll probably be more comfortable with a tent and sleeping bag 😉
Recommended Reading – How To Choose The Best Survival Tent
A knife has lots of uses, including:
- Cutting branches for shelter
- Creating weapons
- Cutting rope
- Cutting bandages
- Digging small holes
- Hunting food
Since your knife is one of the essential items in the survival backpack, you better make sure it is a good one! Also, follow good knife maintenance, such as always drying it thoroughly before closing it.
Read the Top Survival Knives for Under $100
Cord is another survival item with so many possible uses:
- Creating emergency shelters
- Making splints for a broken arm
- Tying poles together
- Fishing or trapping
- Tying supplies to your bag
- Hanging food away from wild animals
- Mending a broken bootlace
- Climbing and rescuing
A paracord bracelet (Amazon link) is an excellent way to keep a lot of cordage on you at all times.
If you are confused about paracord, read this Ultimate Guide to Paracord
Or check out these other awesome Paracord Projects
Tarp or Plastic Sheeting
Why do you need a tarp in your survival backpack? Some of the many uses for a tarp include:
- Making an emergency shelter
- Collecting rainwater
- Wrapping around yourself to protect from rain
- Creating an improvised stretcher to carry an injured person
- Making a hammock for sleeping above ground
- To cover your tent if it starts to leak
- To put on wet ground so you can sit
- For hiding supplies and equipment
- For hauling items
- For use as a floatation device (yep, you can build a raft out of a tarp!)
Read our guide to survival tarps.
Fire made us human; without it, we’d probably return to beastliness quickly. I hope you have mastered the most critical survival tactics, including making a fire (including making fires in wet and snowy conditions).
I include matches in my survival backpack and a match-less fire starter in case the matches get wet or I run out of them.
Compass and Map
Ensure your survival backpack includes topographic maps of the nearby region and other areas you might flee to. And I should add that it isn’t enough to have a map and compass – you better know how to read the map too!
First aid kit
They should include latex gloves, tweezers, plenty of bandages, painkillers, antidiarrheals, sutures, needles, antiseptics, and safety pins.
You could forage or eat chunks of raw meat torn from prey – but you will end up with diarrhea and some weird parasites. Pack a good lightweight camping cook set (Amazon link) in your survival backpack. Mine also includes a folding knife/spoon/fork.
Change of Clothes
Most people pack too many clothes in their survival backpack. You need clothes, but one change will be enough (plus a few changes of socks because wet socks are a disaster for your feet!).
Make sure they are quality materials that dry quickly. And don’t forget a waterproof jacket and a hat with a brim to keep rain and sun out of your face.
Sure, you can survive without a flashlight (Amazon link) – but your chances of survival significantly increase when you have light.
For example, imagine you want to explore a cave to use as a possible shelter. Without a flashlight, you might not notice the gaping hole in the ground and fall to your death.
Remember when Aron Ralston used his generic leatherman (Amazon link) to cut off his arm when trapped under a rock? Need I say more about why you need this tool?
Recommended Reading – How To Choose The Best Multitool For Survival
Bandanas protect your head from the sun; they can be put over your mouth to keep out dust and used as slings or signaling devices. Yes, pack a bandana in your survival backpack!
We are about long-term survival here, so you will want a sewing kit to repair your clothes, tent, sleeping bag, and even emergency first aid.
If you want to survive in the long run, how do you propose building a shelter without a shovel (you’ll need to dig underground or at least dig drainage trenches around the shelter)? Or how about how you will dig a latrine or fire pit?
Recommended: 10 Top Survival Shovel Reviews
If you have to survive in the long term, chances are you will not be in the wild. You will be in some populated place. That crowbar will come in handy to open up locked doors, where you can raid for supplies and get shelter. A crowbar also makes a pretty damn good weapon.
You can also get cool mini EDC crowbars (Amazon link). This way, you’ll always be prepared!
Are you prepping for long-term survival in the wilderness? Let us know your insights!