101 Life Saving Skills that Will Take You through TEOTWAWKI

TEOTWAWKI stands for “the end of the world as we know it.” Even if you don’t think that doomsday is around the corner, you can probably agree that people today lack even the most basic survival skills.  They don’t know essential skills like how to dress a wound or what to do during an earthquake
But even people who are actively learning survival skills probably aren’t as prepared as they think.  Many preppers/survivalists focus too much on one set of survival skills and overlook the rest.

I don’t think it’s possible for one person to master all of the survival skills in this list.  However, I do hope that this list will get you thinking about all the different types of skillsets you might need in a TEOTWAWKI situation – and hopefully, it will encourage you to learn some new types of survival skills.

So, how many of these survival skills do you know?

Wilderness Survival Skills

These are the skills you’ll need to know if you ever have to bug out in the wilderness.  There are lots of different subsets of some of these survival skills and tactics can vary drastically depending on whether you are in the woods, jungle, desert, mountains, or tundra.

  1. Making shelter: This includes basic brush shelters, tarp shelters, lean to shelters, desert shelters, and snow shelters.
  2. Setting up camp: In addition to making your shelter, you’ll have to know the ins and outs of setting up a camp. For example, how to hang food so animals don’t get it, how to dig a trench for rainwater, how to spot dangers like “widow-maker tree limbs”, and how far away to make your latrine.
  3. Navigation: Would you be able to navigate with just a map and compass? What if you had to navigate without a map, such as by using the stars or natural clues?
  4. Lighting and building a fire: Most people can build a basic fire. But there are many types of fire lays (tipi, star, lean-to, log cabin, council fire).  Would you know which type to use in the rain? Or if you had limited fuel?  And what about LIGHTING the fire? Can you light a fire without matches or a lighter using methods like a bow or flint?
  5. Purifying water: I use a Sawyer Mini to filter water while backpacking. Without it, I would have to rely on water purification methods like boiling or a DIY filter out of debris, sand, and charcoal.
  6. What to do if confronted by animals: This includes big creatures like bears and wolves as well as smaller animals like scorpions and snakes.
  7. Crossing a river: This is a skill that often gets overlooked but is incredibly important.
  8. Reading animal tracks: Being able to read animal tracks isn’t only important for hunting. It also is useful if you want to know which animals are in an area (and know which areas to avoid!). You can sometimes use animal tracks to find sources of water or food too.
  9. Climbing and abseiling: You won’t always have time to go around steep cliffs. Knowing climbing skills like abseiling gives you a survival advantage.  
  10. Fox walk (ability to walk without being noticed): This was a skill that the Native Americans mastered. It is essential for hunting and would certainly be necessary in a post-apocalyptic situation where you need to stay hidden from other people.
Survival shelter made from debris
Using friction to light a fire
a frame fire lay
The A-frame fire lay method, used during a light rain

Mechanical, Engineering, and Manual Survival Skills

These are the skills that help you survive in urban situations.  They are also useful in situations where the grid has gone done and you have to hunker down for long periods of time.

  1. Auto mechanic
  2. Generator mechanic: Without a functioning grid, people will rely on generators. Knowing how to fix one will be a valuable skill.
  3. Electrician: Even general electrician skills will be useful for tasks like attaching lighting and appliances to generators.
  4. Ability to produce electricity: Including wind power, solar, and hydropower
  5. Solar power technician: This is a very specific skill that goes beyond general electrician skills.  It will likely be very in demand in TEOTWAWKI
  6. Blacksmith/welder
  7. Carpentry
  8. Plumbing: If the grid is down, plumbing systems will stop working too. So, knowing how to unclog a toilet isn’t adequate. You’d need to know primitive plumbing skills like how to make water lifts for transporting water from streams.
  9. Construction
  10. Equipment operator
  11. Well drilling
  12. How to make a toilet: This is actually more complicated than it seems. You’ll have to know about emergency toilet options, like how to safely dig a latrine and how to make a compost toilet.
plumbing survival skills
The Archimedean screw is a primitive plumbing method for moving water

DIY and Barter Survival Skills

To survive TEOTWAWKI, you’ll need to know how to make many things yourself – especially how to make primitive versions of tools/appliances that don’t run on electricity.  If you know these skills, you’ll be able to make something to barter with for other supplies.

  1. Creating weapons: Check out these DIY weapons
  2. Make candles: Such as from beeswax (which is where the beekeeping would come in handy!) or lard (from your own animals)
  3. Soap making Here’s how to make soap from wood ash
  4. Making rope: Here’s how to make rope from natural fibers
  5. DIY cleaning/sanitation items
  6. Sewing/making clothes
  7. Knitting/crocheting: Things like socks, mittens, and hats can’t be easily sewn. So, knitting and crocheting is a separate important survival skill.
  8. Spinning wool and felting
  9. Sharpening tools
  10. Flintknapping: This is the ancient survival skill of shaping flint (or other stone) into sharp tools
  11. Reusing bullets/making ammo: Read our guide on making ammo here
  12. Home brewing
  13. Making footwear
  14. Tanning hide
  15. Making baskets
  16. Lamp making
  17. Making stoves and heaters: There are many types of survival stoves, such as these rocket stoves and these DIY emergency heaters
Making and repairing shoes will be an important skill in TEOTWAWKI
spinning wool
Women during WWI spin wool and use it to make socks

Food Survival Skills

These are the skills needed to acquire, grow, or produce your own food in TEOTWAKWI.  Ideally, you know many of these, so you would be able to diversify your food sources.

  1. Hunting
  2. Trapping and snaring: Small game will likely be more abundant than big game in TEOTWAWKI. So brush up on your trapping knowledge!
  3. Fishing: Including methods of making fish traps.
  4. Gardening: Particularly methods of gardening in small spaces or bucket gardening
  5. Hydroponics: This is a specific type of gardening that might be particularly useful in SHTF situations because it can be done stealthily indoors.
  6. Aquaponics: This is a sustainable food production method that involves raising fish and using their waste as plant food. More on it here.
  7. Insect farming and trapping: Insects are actually one of the best survival foods. They are easy to raise or trap and very nutritious.
  8. Make greenhouse: Greenhouses improve crop outcomes and let you have a longer growing season.
  9. Foraging: Do you know which local plants are edible and how to identify them? More on foraging for wild edibles.
  10. Livestock raising: In addition to cattle, there are goats, sheep, pigs, and other animals that can be good sources of food and milk.
  11. Chicken rearing: 
  12. Butchering: What good is hunting or raising animals for meat if you can’t butcher them?
  13. Milking
  14. Veterinarian and animal husbandry: This survival skill is important to keep your animals healthy and reproducing.
  15. Baking bread: Baking bread is the easy part. What about making yeast and baking bread without yeast?  
  16. Harvesting seeds: Once you harvest your crops, you’ll need to know how to save the seeds for future crops. More on the best survival seeds.
  17. Bee keeping or hunting:
  18. Orchard management
  19. Grinding grains into flour
  20. Primitive cooking: Such as using solar ovens, cooking over an open fire, wood stoves, plank cooking, and other methods.
deadfall trap
A basic deadfall trap for trapping animals

Food Preservation

It is almost pointless to know how to produce your own food if you can’t preserve it! These are the main methods of food preservation that could be used in survival situations.

  1. Canning
  2. Smoking
  3. Dehydrating
  4. Fermenting/pickling
  5. Salting
  6. Root cellaring
canning food preservation
Home canned veggies

Medical skills

  1. Midwifery
  2. Dentistry
  3. Performing CPR
  4. Carrying a wounded person
  5. Sunstroke, hypothermia, and dehydration treatment
  6. Treating an open wound
  7. Splinting broken limbs
  8. Treating sprains
  9. Soothing a heart attack
  10. Spotting and controlling a concussion
  11. Herbal medicine: Including recognizing wild medicinal plants and knowing how to make medicine from them, such as tinctures, oils, and salves.
  12. Treating a bullet wound
  13. Treating a knife wound: More on that here
  14. Bite wound treatment: Such as from snakes or other venomous animals
  15. Treating burn: More on that here
  16. Control serious bleeding – See how and when to use a tourniquet
  17. Epidemiology (infection control)
  18. Suturing/stitching wounds
  19. Heimlich maneuver
  20. Treating shock
carrying wounded person
Here’s how soldiers carry an injured person out of harm’s way

Other Survival Skills

  1. Ham radio operator
  2. Tie knots: Once you start learning how to tie knots, you realize how important it is for survival – like knowing which knots to use for making a shelter, hanging a food bag, or carrying a load of firewood.
  3. Fighting and self-defense – Quick and dirty self defense.
  4. Home defense: This differs then fighting/self-defense. It includes knowing how to secure the perimeter of your home/shelter against intruders and what to do if intruders do get in. Read our guide here.
  5. Firearms/gunsmithing
  6. Brute physical strength: You’ll need physical strength for tasks like hauling firewood or water, lifting supplies, and gathering food.
  7. Multilingual: Knowing another language means you’ll be able to communicate with more people and potentially avoid confrontations or get more resources
  8. Signaling/alternative communications: Such as knowing Morse code, mirror signaling, etc.
  9. Staying hidden: Being able to camouflage yourself and your shelter
  10. Splitting firewood
  11. Climbing trees: Good survival skill if you need to get to fruit from high branches, gather eggs, make a shelter, etc.
  12. Horseback riding
  13. Reusing things: Such as uses for items that normally would go in the trash or how to reuse gray water
  14. Leadership
  15. Mental strength: You’ll need a lot of this to survive TEOTWAWKI!

And Finally….

#101: Creativity
I personally think this is the most important survival skill.  If you are creative, you’ll be able to come up to solutions to survival problems — such as finding ways to use trash or found objects to make items you need.  This – and willpower — is what will really get you through The End Of The World As We Know It.

What do you think is the most important survival skill?

Did I miss any important skills? Let us know in the comments!

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