Building a Bug Out Bag is one of the most important things you can do to get prepped for disaster. Some people even put it above building a 30-day emergency food supply.
While there is plenty of advice out there on how to pack a Bug Out Bag and Bug Out Bag checklists, it is still hard as heck! We are packing for an unknown disaster, unknown circumstances, and highly-variable physical abilities and knowledge levels.
Even if you have already built your Bug Out Bag, I still suggest you follow these Bug Out Bag tips to make sure you have the best BOB for your unique situation.
1. Plan before Packing Your Bug Out Bag
The common approach to making a Bug Out Bag is to find a checklist and throw all of those items into a pack. But a Bug Out Bag is only as good as your plan!
For example, I see a lot of Bug Out Bag checklists which include items like fishing kits. A fishing kit is great if you are going to bug out in a remote area near water sources – but useless if you are in an urban area. In that case, you might need items like a crowbar.
I talk about this in my post Beyond the Bug Out Bag: How to Make a Survival Plan. In a nutshell though, you’ll need to plan for:
- Under what conditions will you flee?
- Who will you bug out with?
- Where will you go?
- What route will you take?
- How will you get there?
2. Make a BOB Checklist Based on Tasks
Instead of making a Bug Out Bag checklist that consists of items, the checklist should be based on tasks you need to accomplish in order to survive. This is how our 3-Day Bug Out Bag Checklist is broken down:
- Shelter and warmth
- First aid
- Tools and gear
- Vital documents
Once you have this list of survival tasks, you can decide what items will fulfill them. The beauty is that you can find items which fulfill multiple tasks. For example, the toilet paper in my BOB has obvious hygiene uses, but also makes a great firestarter.
3. Pack Spares of Essentials
When it comes to essential tasks like making a fire or shelter, you will want to have a backup.
As the quote goes,
“Two is one, one is none.”
But you should NOT pack duplicate items!
Duplicate items are just going to weigh you down. Also, if one item breaks, then chances are that the duplicate will also break.
I like how Graywolf Survivor says it in his post about the two-is-one fallacy:
Pack redundant capability, not redundant gear.
So, instead of packing two lighters, it would be smarter to pack a lighter and a ferro rod firestarter.
Or, for another example, you’d pack a tent for shelter but also pack small hatchet in case you needed to abandon your tent and make a brush shelter.
4. Cut Weight from Your Bug Out Bag
Hanging out with ultra-light backpackers has taught me a lot about reducing weight from my pack. These are people who know that every ounce counts.
An ounce might not seem like a lot – until you consider that it only takes 16 ounces to make a pound. By doing things (which might seem crazy at first) like cutting the edges off of your maps, those ounces can quickly add up into big savings.
Backpackers say that you should only carry 15% to 25% of your body weight. However, that’s backpacking. We are talking about bugging out. You might need to run with your pack on – so cutting weight is even more important.
If your pack weighs more than 30lbs, I suggest reading this post on How to Cut Weight from Your Bug Out Bag. Some of the things you’ll need to focus on are:
- Tent vs. tarp for Bug Out Bag
- Learning knowledge to replace gear
- Choosing multifunctional gear
- Spending the extra money for lightweight items
5. Leave Some Room in Your Bug Out Bag
This bug out bag tip doesn’t get mentioned much. Rather, most people seem to encourage preppers to fill their BOBs to the max.
The reason you should leave room in your BOB is because you never know what you will find.
- You find someone else’s abandoned gear and want to take it with you.
- You come across a bunch of wild edibles and decide to carry them with you.
- You find some plastic bottles and want to take to carry extra water.
- It looks like it is going to rain so you want to put dry tinder in your bag for later…
6. Be Willing to Pay for Quality Survival Gear
I don’t believe that you need to spend a fortune to get prepared for a disaster. Do what you can with your allotted budget.
But let’s be honest. While a $5 flashlight is better than no flashlight, it probably isn’t going to withstand the elements very well!
Not all of your gear needs to be super high-quality. To make the most of your budget, prioritize items. These are the ones I believe to be the most important:
- Survival knife: See these best survival knives under $100
- Tent: Tents are very heavy. So, if you choose a tent instead of a tarp, choose a lightweight model. Good lightweight tents are quite pricey.
- Waterproof Gear: Cheap ponchos tear easily. Spend the extra money to buy quality rain jackets for your Bug Out Bag.
- The Bug Out Pack: As someone who goes backpacking a lot, I can tell you that pack quality matters! A crappy pack will put strain on your shoulders and back, and the straps might break quickly. Read this post about how to choose a bug out backpack.
7. Keep Your Boots Next to Your Bug Out Bag
Whether you plan on bugging out in the city or remote wilderness, boots are likely a must-have. You’ll need boots to protect your feet from rubble like broken glass, flaming debris, and tough terrain.
The problem is that many of us don’t wear our boots on an everyday basis. My wife, for example, is often found wearing sandals or even heels. Thus, we make sure to keep our boots next to our BOBs so we can quickly put them on in case we need to flee.
8. Have Multiple Bug Out Bags
A BOB at home isn’t going to do much good if disaster strikes while you are at work. Make multiple BOBs and keep them at:
- In your car
- At work
- Anywhere else you are frequently
Additionally, you will want to have a Get-Home Bag in your car.
9. Be Strategic about Your Family/Group’s Bug Out Bags
When you are planning Bug Out Bags for your family or a group, things can get complicated!
On one side, having a group means that you can carry more items. On the other hand, there is always the risk of getting separated. There are also issues of mixed abilities (such as children, elderly, and disabled preppers).
I talk about this in my post How to Plan Family Bug Out Bags. There are 3 main strategies:
- Give everyone matching Bug Out Bags
- Divide up all the gear between BOBs so you can carry more
- Pack so everyone gets the essentials, and divide up non-essentials between BOBs
I personally prefer #3. Everyone’s got things like a knife, firestarter, and rope in their BOB, but we can still bring things we otherwise wouldn’t (like that deck of cards and a stuffed animal for my daughter) because the weight is divided between packs.
10. Plan for Rain and Freezing Temperatures
Bugging out on a nice, summer day is fine. You could probably even survive with absolutely no gear (though not very comfortably or safely).
When the weather gets bad though, things are tougher! Here are some of the things that can happen with rain or cold:
- Your BOB contents get completely wet. With no dry clothes to wear, you suffer hypothermia.
- Your water filter freezes in the cold, something which ruins many filters.
- Your fingers are so cold that you can’t use your knife to shave tinder off sticks for lighting a fire.
- There is so much snow that you are unable to build a shelter.
With careful planning, these problems (and the many others) can be avoided. For example, you’ll probably want to bring a shovel for building a snow cave. To keep items dry, use a wet sack inside your Bug Out Bag.
11. Test Your Bug Out Bag!
The most important piece of prepping advice (whether it is for bugging out or hunkering down) is to run a survival drill.
Follow your Bug Out Plan using just the items in your BOB.
How well were you able to survive?
Chances are you will come up with flaws in your BOB contents – like realizing that your knife is no good for batoning wood, or your pack is too heavy to be carried long distances.
That is what prepping is all about: Strategizing, testing, and adjusting plans.
No Bug Out plan is perfect but, with drills and careful planning, you can get it as near to perfect as possible.
What other tips would you add for building the perfect Bug Out Bag?